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Beyond October:

Building a Year-Round Inclusive Society for People with Disabilities

In 1988, the United States Congress took a significant step towards recognizing and acknowledging the rights, abilities, and contributions of people with disabilities by declaring October as National Disability Awareness Month. This proclamation was pivotal in the nation's ongoing efforts to raise awareness about the employment needs and contributions of individuals with disabilities. Although the annual observance of this month has brought much-needed attention to a crucial aspect of our society, it is essential to recognize that one month of awareness just isn't enough. As a society, we must extend our efforts beyond October to create a more inclusive and accessible world for everyone.


National Disability Awareness Month has its roots in the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibited discrimination on the basis of disability in programs conducted by federal agencies, as well as those receiving federal financial assistance. The Act marked a significant milestone in the fight for equal rights for individuals with disabilities. However, it was only in 1988 that Congress officially designated October as National Disability Employment Awareness Month (NDEAM).


NDEAM's primary goal is to emphasize the contributions of individuals with disabilities to the American workforce. It encourages employers to promote inclusive hiring practices and supports the broader goal of fostering a diverse and equitable workforce. Throughout the month, organizations, advocates, and communities across the country engage in activities and initiatives aimed at celebrating the talents, contributions and capabilities of people with disabilities.


While I am not particularly a fan of these one-month awareness programs, I recognize that one of the most obvious benefits of dedicating a month to disability awareness is the increased visibility of the issues faced by individuals with disabilities. It sparks conversations and educates the public about the challenges they encounter in their daily lives.

Awareness months have their purpose; they often serve as a source of empowerment for those within the affected community. They provide a platform for individuals with disabilities to share their stories, achievements, and aspirations, inspiring others and reinforcing their sense of self-worth.


National Disability Awareness Month also encourages policymakers to focus on issues affecting people with disabilities. It can lead to establishing new policies and improving existing ones, promoting inclusivity and equal opportunity. While National Disability Employment Awareness Month is undoubtedly a positive step forward, we must recognize its limitations. A single month of heightened awareness is insufficient to address the numerous challenges faced by individuals with disabilities throughout the year. The needs and rights of people with disabilities are not confined to October. They deserve consistent attention and support throughout the year.

Achieving lasting change in attitudes, policies, and accessibility requires sustained effort and commitment. One month of awareness can spark discussions, but lasting change demands ongoing engagement twelve months of the year. We must strive for a society where inclusivity is an integral part of our culture and not just a one-month event. This means creating accessible environments, promoting equal opportunities, and challenging stereotypes and prejudices year-round.


To build a more inclusive and accessible society for people with disabilities, we must take meaningful and continuous action:

We must continually educate and promote disability awareness and inclusion in schools, workplaces, and communities throughout the year.

We must continually advocate for improved infrastructure that accommodates the needs of all citizens, including those with disabilities. This includes accessible public transportation, buildings, and digital spaces.

We must persistently encourage businesses to adopt inclusive hiring practices, promote diversity, and provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities.

We must persistently lobby for policies that protect the rights of individuals with disabilities, ensuring equal access to education, employment, and healthcare, while also addressing economic disparities.


And we must foster a culture of inclusivity and accurate representation in media, advertising, and entertainment. It is critical to challenge stereotypes and promote positive portrayals of people with disabilities.


National Disability Employment Awareness Month in October serves as a valuable reminder of the rights, abilities, and contributions of individuals with disabilities. However, it is just the beginning of a more comprehensive journey towards inclusivity. To create a society that truly values and supports people with disabilities, we must extend our efforts beyond one month of awareness and make inclusivity a year-round commitment. Only then can we build a more equitable and accessible world for all.


- Michelle Friedman



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